The COVID-19 vaccine is safe, effective and approved. It gives you the best protection against the virus and is saving lives. 

The vaccine is now being offered to people most at risk first. It will then be offered to other groups over the coming months.

The sooner we are all vaccinated, the sooner we can control the virus and return to normal life.

The vaccination programme continues at pace nationally and regionally. The latest vaccination statistics are updated weekly on the NHS website

View vaccination statistics

Facts about the vaccination

  • The vaccine is safe, effective and approved.
  • The vaccine is free.
  • It is given in two doses. You will have your second dose three to twelve weeks after having your first dose.
  • The vaccine is given as an injection in your upper arm. 
  • The vaccine does not contain alcohol or animal products.

Remember, you must still follow current coronavirus restrictions and guidance, including ‘hands, face and space’ advice even after you have had your vaccination.

What you need to know about getting the vaccine

The NHS is offering people their vaccine in priority order, based on JCVI recommendations

You are strongly advised to have your vaccination, unless you experience severe allergic reactions, in which case you should speak to your GP first. 

When you have your jab, you will be given a leaflet with all the information you need. 

You can also find out more at 

  • After your first jab, you will be called back for your second dose, which will be 3 up to 12 weeks after your first one.
  • Although you might get some immunity from the first dose, you need two doses to get the best protection.
  • It takes your body a few weeks to build up protection, so you should still follow all current restrictions and guidance

The Covid Vaccination programme is led by the NHS, commissioned by NHS England and overseen locally by Wolverhampton CCG and local Primary Care Networks. The local authority’s role is to support the NHS to deliver the programme and ensure an equitable offer is available to those across the city. You can find more information regarding this from the Wolverhampton CCG.

Common myths about the COVID-19 vaccine

Myth: The vaccine gives you COVID-19
FACT: The vaccine does not give you COVID-19. It helps your body to create antibodies to protect you against COVID-19 if you later encounter it.

Myth: “The vaccine is not safe, it went through the approval process quickly”
FACT:  The vaccines have gone through clinical trials and safety checks like all other medicines and approved by Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency.

Myth: “People that take the vaccine will suffer severe side effects”
FACT: Most side effects of the COVID-19 vaccine are mild and should not last longer than a week

Myth: “I’ve already had COVID-19 so I’m immune and don’t need it”
FACT: We don’t know that you can’t have COVID-19 twice, so even if you have already had the virus, you should still have your vaccine for maximum protection. 

Myth: “The vaccine contains pork”
FACT: There is no pork, foetal or other animal material, including eggs, in the vaccine. 

Myth: “The vaccine causes infertility”
FACT: The vaccine cannot make you infertile. It simply acts as a messenger, teaching your body how to create antibodies in case you encounter the COVID-19 infection at a later date.

Myth: “I have been reading the vaccine will change my DNA”
FACT: The vaccine will not change your DNA.  The vaccines offer protection against the infection, instructing your body to develop an immune system response.

Myth: “The vaccine contains microchips for tracking purposes”
FACT: The vaccines do not contain any tracking technology.

Myth: "The vaccine will make me infertile"
FACT: Experts are clear – there’s no evidence to suggest that COVID-19 vaccines will affect fertility. Midwives and doctors are reassuring women on any misinformation they may have seen and have resources to make use people are fully informed.

Myth: I can’t have an injection whilst I am fasting/observing Ramadan
FACT: You may have a COVID-19 vaccination injection whilst observing Ramadan. The British Islamic Medical Association has issued a statement confirming this: “Taking the COVID-19 vaccines currently licensed in the UK does not invalidate the fast, as per the opinion of Islamic scholars. Individuals should not delay their vaccinations on account of Ramadan.” More information about the vaccine and the month of Ramadan can be found on the British Islamic Medical Association website.

Getting the vaccine – HOW?
How do I sign up for the COVID-19 vaccine?

You do not need to sign up to have the vaccine. It is being offered to everyone in order of priority based on age, underlying medical issues and clinical risk first. When it is your turn, the NHS will contact you.

How is the COVID-19 vaccine given?

The COVID-19 vaccine is given as an injection into your upper arm and as 2 doses.

Do I have to pay for the vaccine?

No, the vaccine is available free from the NHS.

  • The NHS will never ask you for your bank account or card details.
  • The NHS will never ask you for your PIN or banking password.
  • The NHS will never arrive unannounced at your home to administer the vaccine. 
  • The NHS will never ask you to prove your identity by sending copies of personal documents such as your passport, driving licence, bills or pay slips.  

If you receive a call you believe to be fraudulent, hang up. If you believe you have been the victim of fraud or identity theft you should report this directly to Action Fraud on 0300 123 2040. Where the victim is vulnerable, and particularly if you are worried that someone has or might come to your house, report it to the Police online or by calling 101.

Can you give COVID-19 to anyone after having the vaccine?

The vaccine cannot give you COVID-19 infection, and 2 doses will reduce your chance of becoming seriously ill. We do not yet know whether it will stop you from catching and passing on the virus. So, it is important to follow the guidance in your local area to protect those around you.

To protect yourself and your family, friends and colleagues you still need to:

  • practice social distancing
  • wear a face mask
  • wash your hands carefully and frequently
  • follow the current guidance
What happens at the vaccination appointment?

Your appointment should take 30 to 45 minutes.

This will include being checked in using your booking reference numbers, answering questions about your medical history and having the vaccination. You will be asked to wait for around 15 minutes after having the vaccination. This is in the unlikely event you have a reaction to the vaccine. For more information please view What happens at your appointment.

Can I go back to work after getting the vaccine?

You should be able to work as long as you feel well. If your arm is particularly sore, you may find heavy lifting difficult. If you feel unwell or very tired you should rest and avoid operating machinery or driving.

Do I still need to follow restrictions after I’ve had my vaccine?

Yes. The vaccine protects you from COVID-19, but you can still carry the virus and pass it on to others. This means you must continue to follow all guidance and advice, including hands, face and space.


Can I still attend my vaccination appointment if I’m unwell?

If you are unwell, it’s better to wait until recovered to have your vaccine, but you should try to have it as soon as possible. You should not attend a vaccine appointment if you are self-isolating, waiting for a COVID-19 test or unsure if you are fit and well.

I am worried that attending my vaccination appointment will increase the risk of me getting COVID-19.

The NHS and partners have ensured that all vaccination sites adhere to robust rules and regulations to ensure the safety of patients and staff. Anyone with COVID-19 symptoms is requested not to attend their vaccination appointment.

Getting the vaccine – WHO?
Who is prioritised for the vaccine?

In the first phase of vaccinations, people are being prioritised based upon their age, underlying health conditions and clinical risk first. This is in line with JCVI recommendations

In the second phase, vaccinations will be rolled out to other groups. The government aims to have offered a vaccination to everyone over the age of 18 by 31 July.

I am in one of the listed groups, why do I have to wait?

The COVID-19 vaccines will become available as they are approved for use and as each batch is manufactured. So, every dose is needed to protect those at highest risk. You will be called in as soon as there is a vaccine available.

How long do I have to wait if I’m not in a priority group? 

If you are not in one of the priority groups, you will need to wait your turn. The order in which people will be offered the vaccine is based on advice from the Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation (JCVI). The NHS will let you know when it's your turn to have the vaccine. It's important not to contact the NHS for a vaccination before then. Read the latest JCVI advice on priority groups for the COVID-19 vaccination on GOV.UK

I am clinically extremely vulnerable, what does getting the vaccine mean for me? 

The vaccine will give you the best protection against serious illness caused by the virus. If you have not yet had it, you should do so as soon as possible. Your local NHS will make sure you receive the vaccine as safely as possible, as well as any care and support needed.

Why aren’t groups who are higher risk of COVID-19 being prioritised?

There is clear evidence that certain groups have higher rates of infection, and higher rates of serious disease and mortality. The reasons are multiple and complex.  

What is clear is that certain health conditions are associated with increased risk of serious disease, and these health conditions are often overrepresented in certain groups.  

Prioritisation of people with underlying health conditions will also provide for greater vaccination of these communities who are disproportionately affected by such health conditions.  

Do I need the COVID-19 vaccine if I’ve had the flu vaccine?

The flu vaccine does not protect you from COVID-19. If you are eligible for both vaccines you should have them both, but normally separated by at least a week.

Can I still get COVID-19 even if I’m vaccinated?

Some people may still become infected with COVID-19 despite having been vaccinated (although this should be less severe). The vaccine cannot cause COVID-19 infection.

Can I get the vaccine if I currently have COVID-19?

People currently unwell and experiencing COVID-19 symptoms should not receive their COVID-19 vaccine until they have recovered. This is to avoid wrongly attributing any new symptom or the progression of symptoms to the vaccine (and to prevent infecting anyone else in the vaccination centre).

Can I get the vaccine if I’ve had COVID-19 in the past?

Yes, receiving the COVID-19 vaccine would be expected to boost any pre-existing COVID-19 antibodies.

I’ve been told to shield, can I stop shielding after receiving the COVID-19 vaccination?

Although the advice to shield ended on 31 March, you should still take extra care. Everyone given the vaccine must continue to follow current guidance and regulations, practise social distancing, wear a face mask and wash their hands frequently.

Getting the vaccine – WHERE?
Will my pharmacist be able to offer COVID-19 vaccinations?

Pharmacy delivery is currently being explored and rolled out by NHS England.

Can I pay for a COVID-19 vaccine privately or at a pharmacy?

The COVID-19 vaccination is only available through the NHS to eligible groups and it is a free vaccination.

I would like to attend my vaccine appointment but I have no one to take me there. Can anyone help me?

For people who do not have friends or family to take them to their vaccine appointment, NHS responders can help free of charge. Their number is 0808 196 3646.

Getting the vaccine – SECOND DOSE
Do I need both doses of the vaccine?

It is important to have both doses of the same vaccine to give you the best protection.

I've already had my first dose of the vaccine, where do I go for my second dose?

You need to attend the same location you had your first vaccine dose.

Why are second doses being postponed?

The decision to delay giving people their second dose of the vaccine means we can give the first dose to more people who are at risk, more quickly. The sooner we give protection to those people who are most at risk, the sooner we will see reductions in mortality and hospital rate.

Everyone will be offered their second dose within 12 weeks of having their first one.

Should I delay my second dose until after Ramadan, so I don’t break the fast?

No. The British Islamic Medical Association has confirmed that you may have the vaccinations during Ramadan. They said: “Taking the COVID-19 vaccines currently licensed in the UK does not invalidate the fast, as per the opinion of Islamic scholars. Individuals should not delay their vaccinations on account of Ramadan.”

After vaccination
Do I still need to wear a mask?

Yes. You should continue wear a mask, wash your hands regularly, observe social distancing and follow all other COVID-19 rules and guidance. The vaccine protects you against serious illness from coronavirus, but it may still be possible for you to pass it on to people you meet.

Do I still need to social distance?

Yes. You should continue to follow social distancing guidelines, staying 2m away from anyone not from your household or support bubble. You must also continue to follow all other COVID-19 rules and guidance. The vaccine protects you against serious illness from coronavirus, but it may still be possible for you to pass it on to people you meet.

Do I still need to follow restrictions?

Yes. The vaccine protects you from COVID-19, but you can still carry the virus and pass it on to others. This means you must continue to follow all guidance and advice, including hands, face and space.

Do I have to self-isolate if told to, even if I’ve had my vaccine?

Yes. It is important that you still self-isolate if told to do so. Although your vaccination protects you against COVID-19, you may still pass it on to others.

Can I still pass the virus on?

Yes. The vaccine protects you from COVID-19, but you can still have the virus and pass it on to other people. That is why it is important to continue following advice and guidance in order to stop the spread of COVID-19.

Can I go out and meet friends now?

You should continue to follow current lockdown guidance and advice to prevent the spread of COVID-19 and protect others. Your vaccination will reduce the chance of you suffering from severe illness from COVID-19, but you could still pass it on to other people.

My friend has had their vaccine, but I haven’t, can we meet up?

You should both continue to follow current lockdown guidance and advice. Although your friend has some protection from the virus, they could still be carrying it and pass it on to you.

Do I still need to get tested?

Yes. The vaccine gives you protection against COVID-19, but you may still pass it on to other people. Routine testing means that we can monitor and reduce the spread of the virus and spot any new variants.

About the vaccine
How does the vaccine work?

The vaccine works by making a protein from the virus that is important for creating protection.

The protein works in the same way they do for other vaccines by stimulating the immune system to make antibodies and cells to fight the infection.  

How has the vaccine been developed so quickly?

The speed of the development and approval of the vaccine is due to increased funding and scientific collaboration across the world. The global effort has allowed scientists to work at record speed and complete work in months rather than years. 

The vaccine you will be offered has been approved as safe and effective by the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA).

What vaccines for COVID-19 are currently available?

The Pfizer/BioNTech, Oxford/AstraZeneca and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines are now available in the UK. These vaccines have been shown to be safe and offer high levels of protection and have been given regulatory approval by the MHRA. More information about these vaccines is available here:

How effective is the COVID-19 vaccine?

On 22 February 2021, Public Health England published findings showing the effectiveness of the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine. The latest data shows that one dose of this vaccine reduces the risk of catching infection by more than 70%, rising to 85% after the second dose.
Read the findings here

Public Health England is also monitoring the effectiveness of the AstraZeneca vaccine and will report the findings soon. Previously, the Joint Committee of Vaccinations and Immunisations (JCVI) found that this vaccine offers 70% protection 22 days after the first dose and reduces the risk of catching the virus by 80% after the second dose.

Are the vaccines effective for older people?

On 1 March 2021, a Public Health England study showed that both the Pfizer/BioNTech and the Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccines are highly effective in reducing COVID-19 infections among older people. The study found that in the over 80’s, a single dose of either vaccine is more than 80% effective at preventing hospitalisation, around 3-4 weeks after the jab. 

The data also shows infections in over 70s decreasing, from around 3 weeks after one dose of either vaccine.

For more information read the study

Can I choose which vaccine I have?

No. Any vaccines that the NHS will provide will have been approved because they pass tests on safety and efficacy, so people should be assured that whatever vaccine they get, it is worth their while.

Will the NHS use the Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine more because it’s cheaper and easier to store?

The vaccines that the NHS uses and in what circumstances will be decided by the regulatory agency. Both vaccines are classed as being very effective.

The Oxford/AstraZeneca is easier to store and transport, meaning we can deliver them in more places, and we expect to have more doses available as they are manufactured in the UK, so we would expect that most people are likely to receive this vaccine over the coming weeks and months.

Does the COVID-19 vaccine contain any animal products or egg?

No. The COVID-19 vaccine does not contain any animal products or egg.

How do I find out the ingredients of the vaccines?

A detailed review of the vaccines and their ingredients have been provided by the MHRA and can be found at the following links:

The British Islamic Medical Association have produced a helpful guide for the Muslim community.

Can you catch COVID-19 from the vaccine? 

You cannot catch COVID-19 from the vaccine, but it is possible to have caught COVID-19 and not realise you have the symptoms until after your vaccination appointment.

The most important symptoms of COVID-19 are recent onset of any of the following:

  • a new continuous cough
  • a high temperature
  • a loss of, or change in, your normal sense of taste or smell

If you have the symptoms above, stay at home and arrange to have a test.

Vaccine safety
What are the COVID-19 vaccine side effects?

Most side effects of the COVID-19 vaccine are mild and should not last longer than a week, such as:

  • a sore arm where the needle went in
  • feeling tired
  • a headache
  • feeling achy
  • feeling or being sick

You can take painkillers, such as paracetamol, if you need to.

If you have a high temperature you may have coronavirus or another infection.

If your symptoms get worse or you are worried, call 111.

Is the NHS confident the vaccine is safe?

Yes. The NHS will not offer any COVID-19 vaccinations to the public until independent experts have signed off that it is safe to do so. The MHRA, the official UK regulator, have said these vaccines are safe and highly effective, and we have full confidence in their expert judgement and processes. As with any medicine, vaccines are highly regulated products. There are checks at every stage in the development and manufacturing process, and continued monitoring once it has been authorised and is being used in the wider population. 

I’ve read that the AstraZeneca vaccine isn’t safe and can cause blood clots.

The AstraZeneca vaccine is safe and effective. The Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA), who approve the medicines we use in England, reviewed this, and have said that the benefits of the vaccine outweigh the extremely rare (about 4 in 1 million) risks of blood clots.

They have said that people should still have their vaccine when asked to do so and that anyone who had an AstraZeneca first dose should still receive AstraZeneca for their second dose.

They also recommended that people under 30 should preferably be offered the Pfizer or Moderna vaccines when it is their turn.

A useful NHS guide AstraZeneca vaccine safety information can be found under Downloads, it has more information about the vaccine and blood clots.

You can also read the Government's statement for more information.

Can I have the vaccine if I’m pregnant or breastfeeding?

There is no evidence the COVID-19 vaccine is unsafe if you're pregnant, but more evidence is needed before you can routinely be offered it.

The JCVI has updated its advice to recommend you may be able to have the vaccine if you're pregnant and:

  • at high risk of getting coronavirus because of where you work
  • have a health condition that means you're at high risk of serious complications of coronavirus

You can have the COVID-19 vaccine if you're breastfeeding.

You should speak to a healthcare professional before you have the vaccination. They will discuss the benefits and risks with you.

You do not need to avoid pregnancy after vaccination. The vaccine cannot give you or your baby COVID-19.

Guidance and advice for pregnant women on Covid-19 and vaccines is available from the Royal College of Midwives.

Can I still have the vaccine if I have an allergic reaction?

Tell staff before you are vaccinated if you have ever had a serious allergic reaction (anaphylaxis).

You should not have the vaccine if you've ever had a serious allergic reaction to medicines, vaccines or food.

If you do have a reaction to the vaccine, it usually happens in minutes. Staff giving the vaccine are trained to deal with allergic reactions and treat them immediately.

Can the vaccine alter your genetic material/DNA?

There is no evidence to suggest that individual genetic material will undergo an alteration after receiving the vaccine.